16 Jun 5 New Definitions for Types of Employment (and a couple of old ones)
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We’ve compiled a list of new definitions we’ve discovered to help you think outside the 9to5 box and find out what else is out there…
Just-in-Time Employment / Contingent Workers
Just-in-Time Employment is often characterized by employee scheduling completed by software. In this situation, employee’s are expected to work extremely variable hours at short notice. The software doesn’t necessarily take the worker’s needs into consideration (eg. a stable paycheck, hours that work with daycare, etc.) This type of employment is becoming more popular but is more suited to people without too many ties or responsibilities.
Contingent workers are independent contractors or freelancers who work on a contract basis.
The definition of ‘Gig Economy’ is an environment where people earn money by ‘gigging’; working short-term, multiple jobs for multiple people. Lyft, Uber and TaskRabbit are all examples of the Gig Economy. The term originated in the 1920s from jazz musicians’ working agreements.
Zero Hours Contract
Zero Hours Contracts are contracts where the employer is not required to offer a specific number (or indeed, any) hours to their employee. The employee is also not obliged to accept the hours they are offered. It is an extremely flexible, but not terribly reliable way of working. It is most often seen in the restaurant, retail, and tourism industries.
In each of the above examples, workers don’t generally receive guaranteed hours, parental leave, sick pay, pensions, parental leave, redundancy or notice periods. Workers are still entitled to the legal minimum wage (although this is not always clear in the case of international gigging contracts on platforms such as Upwork).
There are two uses for the term ‘Slashies’ – one is for people who have a day job and another job on the side eg. Barista/Guitarist or Social Worker/Uber driver. The other is for two or more traditional positions which have been combined into a single position. In recent years I have been a “bookkeeper/office manager” as well as a “corporate assistant/operations manager.” My very first job was as a “web author/receptionist.”
Bentley University reviewed 24.5 million company job listings and found that 71% of job skills now spanned at least two categories.
Remote Work (aka Telework / Telecommuting)
Jack Nilles came up with the terms telecommuting and teleworking in the 1970s. Workers were considered to be teleworking if they took work home after their regular office hours. If someone worked at home rather than driving to work ie. substituting technology for commuting, they were considered to be telecommuting.
These days, both terms tend to be replaced by remote work, distributed work, smart working, workshifting, or mobile work.
No doubt new definitions will continue to crop up, as will new ways of working. The key is to find the way of working that works best for you.